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tv   Counting the Cost 2019 Ep 11  Al Jazeera  March 16, 2019 12:33pm-1:00pm +03

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when i. reveal secrets and connection some don't want to expose. this i'm going to. get. investigations to sell a massacre coming soon rivals are so many guns sometimes even. counting the cost on al-jazeera we can look at the world of business and economics this week he's on a mission to save the internet we'll talk to tim berners lee inventor of the world wide web. kenya's safari com is teaming up with china's biggest commerce company alibaba plus. in thailand the world's largest export or of robert global oversupply has caused the price to plummet leaving farmers here
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scrambling to make ends meet a subsidy program has been called by some as a quick fix because it misses the main issues that story coming up. it is a public square a library a doctor's office a school a cinema a shop and much much more the world wide web has turned thirty and its inventor tim berners lee has called on the world to build a better web we'll have more from tim in just a moment but first our technology editor honda explains the impact of his invention over the past three decades. it may be hard for many of us to imagine a time when you couldn't just log on to the internet and search the web it's how many of us stay in touch make friends talk search and share information but thirty years ago none of that was possible electronically at least wow all this as this is
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british scientist tim bernoulli because back in one thousand nine hundred nine he and other scientists were frustrated unable to share the experiments and data stored on the many different computer says he proposed a system which by information in one part of the globe was connected to every other part easily searched available to all and not controlled by anyone he published how to do it on this the very first web page that vision of universal connectivity became the world wide web you might think of the internet on your computer or a device like this as a ken to a library somewhere you go to get information but instead of books you access data more than a billion web pages problem is the world wide web is so vast you don't always know we have find what you want so much like asking a librarian you use a search engine to type in your query it's processed using
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a set of rules known as algorithms to the intro all through the messes of dot or on the web and find the best matches click on the link and it's like being taken to a book and that library a global digital library that burn asli envisioned would be accessible to wall. thirty years on half of the world is online for berners lee that's a job half done connectivity for all is a human right he says and he's calling on governments to sign up to a global contract to protect people's rights and freedoms in the digital age while our economics editor at alli had a chance to talk to tim the brains behind the net last week they kicked off the conversation with a look at the dysfunction affecting today's web. it needs a mixture of things that so that's why we're talking we're talking about a contract for the web for the next phase where it's called
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a contract because in fact part of it is companies that can you know part of the platform as part of the company has sent the build the belief systems need to tweak the systems a bit so that to make their the discussion more constructive but also it is governments as well and so companies and governments need to talk to each other and also is a third constituent we've included as a consumer and opus and we feel a need to be discussed because their rights are really important we see that the weapon that he should be more user centric users can have more control of the data and partly because at the end of the day if governments don't do what they've committed to and or companies don't do what they should do then it ends up having to be people protesting in the streets people voting by changing the products they use or people complain or complaining to the government has any progress been made in reining in the power the power of the big tech companies it's interesting that.
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one thing people are concerned about is that once you're on with one company. and then you your information is stuck in there and you can't get it out but in fact well to start with the european general data protection regulations the g q d.p. are have said that actually if you have company if your company has information about you you can get it out you must be able to get it out you've got to be able to check it as well and fix it if it's wrong and so those regulations even though that they have tried to europe i think they've had a massive effect changing the international conversation and so for example as as a result since g.p.i. has come out and. in the e.u. . should be companies into the community of google facebook twitter and microsoft notice they're good at it. on that coast.
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they produced a thing called the data transfer for oject d.g.p. in its little known project but it is a commitment by those companies that you will be able to get your data like your photographs or your contacts or whatever it is out of one of them and put it into the other one or or just happen to run it on whatever soft you want to do so that's a big commitment i think philosophically it's really interesting because by committing to the data transfer project these companies are really saying yep this is your data that's how we are going to behave tim final question what about government sensitive china has its great if i will russia has its own senses and other nations are following that's certainly not compatible with your ideals when he's fair started up the web. indeed that's one of the oldest questions that about the web what about. censorship but. of course building
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a. great five all around your country was really hard because the computers went down off now that it's relatively easy and so china maybe is the post to child for the government censorship of particularly of. other sources of information but unfortunately they're not alone there are countries in africa. and the middle east as well which has pretty serious fire walls so yes this is of course a very big threat to the at the at works because you can make ferment into anything the web works because it is actually an independent country when people when you're reading a blog you don't know where the other person who wrote it in use at the moment and it shouldn't matter i think that's a really healthy thing for the world i think that the value of it as a global open platform is hugely greater than the that what it would be if it were
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broken into national continental chunks. and so yes i think we have to just every time you receive government censorship we have to gently persuade the agencies in the guy in the relevant government that they can so violative people being exposed to the other point of view we persuade governments that they can and that information about what happened that then that history that they're not so proud of actually is still important for their children to learn. and the political debate should be. should be grounded in a good open access to good knowledge. about the state of the world. tim berners lee founder of the world wide web speaking to us on march seventh now let's take a look at social media in one of the world's fastest growing economies india
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twitter has dropped unverified political ads in the country ahead of next month's national elections i'm just here as festival reports now from new delhi. as hundreds of millions of indians prepare to elect a new government fake or misleading information has become a regular feature on social media now for the first time india's election commission is trying to crack down old provisions of model code of conduct some a clutch of the content being posted on social media by candidates and political parties. political parties here say they welcome the move to regulate social media something they see as crucial for the democratic process political system in this country is becoming more because there are more question coming on our social media that how important is a social media and that's how it's going to influence our electoral politics coming even in this election but not everyone is as optimistic indians a new one for the tenacity and the capacity to bypass the rules and to come across
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with innovative approaches of bypassing policies and standards twitter has also begun cracking down on unverified political ads but some legal experts don't believe it's enough we're not dramatic results we could see some encouraging results but with this policy to be really successful i think. we don't as social media have alerts in india's politics so have the online attacks those in the public eye are often the main targets but it's not always coming from established parties. the victims of online attack say individuals spreading fake news get their orders from higher ups in different political parties it's a malays that that kind of laws right from the top to the bottom this journalist says he and others are regularly attacked online in several cases social media companies have failed to crack down as was the situation with one of his female colleagues people who were sending her. pictures now she put those
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pictures plus the phone numbers of the individuals who were sending so the so twitter threatened to suspend her account as political parties push their social media campaign to selection new rules meant to crack down on misuse will be put to the test still to come on counting the cost boeing's entire global fleet of seven three seven max aircraft is grounded. but first time farmers export more unprocessed rubber than anywhere else in the world but as global prices fall they are suffering as a serious scott heiler reports now from the southern province of crabby critics say a government subsidy scheme is too little too late. for generations the landscape of southern thailand has been dotted with rubber plantations it's known as the white gold that's tapped from the trees but now and probably province like
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many others the farmers have been dealt a double blow by world markets and one dispute in particular. global oversupply has driven the rubber price down forty percent over two years and the months long trade war between the united states and china has severely cut china's need for thai rubber. rubber farmer since he was a boy. is struggling but is skeptical of a subsidy program recently put in place by the military government the need to give them and try to help us but they just do it just to save face and fix the problem in the short term they don't think about the long term they subsidise the fifty eight dollars to fifteen hundred square metres of course we want money but we do not agree with his program some economists see the subsidies as a quick fix as they are only a short term benefit for some of the local farmers here it does nothing to lessen their reliance on the global price of rubber and what needs to happen next they say is more of
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a focus on innovation advancing the industry here less on export raw rubber. as thailand heads towards its first election since the military coup five years ago some question the government's motivation behind subsidies rather than investing in the future of the industry don't have enough dissent and they don't have a political view to do that. they detest doing something that's easy. and then get up with. the cost do. so you know and then do coal. but the government defends the subsidy program as the only way they can work with the farmers how many who have gotten yet if we don't have this program the farmers don't come to talk with us with that they cooperate with the government this probably is traditionally a stronghold for the democrat party members campaigning out in the plantations they say the current program is bad for the farmers and will bring it to an end if
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elected although they'll guarantee a minimum price for robber. but offer little detail of how they'll keep the industry going in the long term and how the people here will continue to live off their white gold. now long before fin tech apple pay and pay became buzzwords an unlikely part of the world was leading the charge in mobile payments now mpeg owned by east africa's biggest company safari com has agreed a partnership with china's e-commerce giant alibaba the deal will help safari com customers use its mobile money services outside kenya and pessah has been operating now for more than a decade well it's been credited with pulling some two hundred thousand people or two percent of kenya's population out of poverty in a world first the kenyan government used the mobile phone platform to sell bonds safari com is worth eleven billion dollars it is kenya's biggest company accounts
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for six and a half percent of the country's economy our economics editor abbott alley caught up with bob cole a ball the chief executive officer of safari com he asked him about the social impact of impasse. yeah so we've got the anecdotal stuff and we've got the quality of stuff but the quantity stuff so you know neutrally we have increased the financial inclusion penetration in kenya from around twenty twenty three percent to about seventy five percent and when you increase and deepen financial inclusion the people who you actually capture in that space are the people who rural the people who are agricultural the people who pour and largely the people who women so that's that's how one way we've measured it we've also done some work with georgetown university which showed the numbers of people who've been brought out of extreme poverty because of. you know every minute there are three thousand people who are receiving money on impasse of this two thousand people who paying their bills there
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is three hundred eighty loans which are issued every single minute using it so how important is the data that you collect from your customers to you well you know we don't collect that much data from our customers we don't. that's smart in terms of managing big data so the challenge of some of our bigger brothers like facebook and social media people have got you know we don't face you know we provide a simple service how do you enable people to conduct financial transactions. when you're at the bottom of that the bottom of the pyramid using the most ubiquitous thing we have in africa which is the mobile phone you know there's four hundred forty four hundred forty four million mobile phones in the country and in the in the continent and there's a lot less a lot fewer bank accounts. that exist today so how does you a deal with alibaba help you and your customers so you know in the express area
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we're actually following the customers what an express is tempted to do is to create a marketplace for africans and the kenyans to bring stuff in from china and i mean happens all the time you get in the flight from nairobi to china you see how many small traders are going over there to buy stuff but the big problem they've got is how do they pay for it a lot of africans don't use or don't trust the use of credit cards and so using impasse which is something which is something because in twenty one million kenyans today using impasse every day it helps those customers to conduct those transactions in a very seems kind of way and pass has been rolled out to many other countries the one country where it didn't quite take off was south africa happy may be able to figure out why that was the case i think of south africa you know it has a very advanced banking sector i didn't south africa for four years a very advanced banking sector and the penetration of banking down that pyramid is actually much greater than the penetration in in other countries but the other for
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the other thing is that you know best actually addresses a very specific problem in kenya when it was first launched and if you try to do a lift and shift you take the products from one country but it's another country without addressing a problem or a challenge. then it inevitably it will fail and another hot topic right this very moment is five g. and when do you expect to roll that out in kenya you know we're still working on ruling out four g. we expect five g. to come within the next two or three years are you concerned by u.s. fears that huawei customers could be spied on in the future you know i think africa needs the african is the figure out for itself what it wants to do the u.s. has its own challenges with china and africa has a different kind of relationship we have a very deep relationship with you know they provide our billing system they provide our core network they will provide our five g. infrastructure so we don't have the same challenges that the americans have but you
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know i think that's a much more complex geopolitical issue we're just focused on the technical technological solution and we've got to. continue to have a very strong relationship with public so you had no contact with the kenyan governments have they expressed any kind of concern about why weights equipment well how it is also a big vendor for the government of kenya you know the backbone fiber is is being done by huawei for the government while we were the vendors that we used to build the security infrastructure so the government of kenya don't really have a problem that bob collymore c.e.o. of kenya has safari com in northeastern kenya environmentalist's a campaigning against a major construction projects which they say is taking place on stolen land but the government has accused activists of standing in the way of progress zain bus traffic reports. kenya's leaders say it's east africa's most ambitious
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infrastructure project. the level port and lam southern sudan ethiopia transport corridor or lab set is worth an estimated twenty four point five billion dollars. it includes the construction of a deep water port highways oil pipelines railways airports and even three luxury resorts. port will be the main hub connecting kenya ethiopia and south sudan to the indian ocean and through the world. to be. no. big deal because. it is. it's. not country. work started in two thousand and thirteen when it's finished it's hoped the port will become a major source of revenue. but not everyone is happy with the project activists say it will damage the environment and the government is not properly compensating people for their land leaving indigenous communities to pay the price for kenya's
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progress that. if the government wants to solve them. only twenty seconds. for years people relied on fishing and tourism to earn a living the port means a major shift and instead of speaking to them community leaders say the government is steamrolling them the kenyan leaders say the lab said project is being done by the book and accuse activists of working against the national interest and in some cases even labeling them as terrorists a recent human rights watch report said people campaigning against the project faced intimidation beatings arbitrary arrests and detentions. one longtime activist turned politician said in kenya government suppression is nothing new and in the government is the terrorist it's not the people it's the government. has been left behind because of development there's no development the new roads they're no public health facilities there is zero government involvement in the ground and now
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at this project is not going to. improve the lives of people it's going to affect them is going to be pollution it's going to affect our fishing it's going to affect tourism it's going to affect every facet of their life. projects like port are central to president kenyatta as development agenda he's promised all kenyans that things will get better in twenty nineteen but in law the pace of progress may mean some kenyans get left behind finally this week boeing's entire fleet of seven three seven jets is grounded the planes the company's best seller but u.s. aviation regulators now believe that crashes in ethiopia and indonesia have displayed worrying similarities and. reports now from boeing's factory in renton seattle. globally grounded the entire fleet of all three hundred seventy one boeing seven three seven max airplanes are being taken out of
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service following two unexplained crashes less than six months apart the u.s. was the last country to ground the planes president donald trump made the announcement and we. had a very detailed. group of people working on the seven thirty seven eight and the seven thirty seven nine newer lines. we're going to be issuing an emergency order of prohibition to ground all flights of the seven thirty seven max eight and the seven thirty seven max nine any plane currently in the air will go to its destination and thereafter be grounded until further notice the u.s. carriers american airlines and southwest have dozens of seven three seven maxes in their fleets trumps announcement came hours after canada's transport minister said his country's airlines would no longer be flying the aircraft after an analysis of
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satellite data found similarities between the lion air crash in indonesia in october and the ethiopian airlines disaster a total of three hundred forty six people were killed in the two crashes as a result of new data that we received this morning and i had a chance to analyze in on the advice of my experts and as a precautionary measure i'm assuring safety notice boeing issued a statement saying that out of an abundance of caution it had recommended to the u.s. federal aviation administration the temporary suspension of operations of the entire global fleet of seven three seven max aircraft the flight data recorders retrieved from the ethiopian. airlines crash will be processed in france that's an unusual departure from the normal protocol in an accident involving
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a plane that was built in the united states ethiopian officials reportedly declined to hand over the black boxes to u.s. authorities. for this week if you'd like to comment on anything that you've seen you can tweet me i'm at a finnigan on twitter use the hash tag a j c t c when you do or you control the line counting the cost at al-jazeera dot net is our e-mail address as always there's plenty more few online at al-jazeera dot com slash c t c that takes you straight to our page there you'll find individual reports links even entire episodes for you to catch up but that's it for this edition of counting the cost i'm adrian finnegan from the whole team here and oh thanks for being with us the news on al-jazeera is next.
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this part of south london is home to people from all over the world you might assume this multicultural pockets of the capital is entirely against a brick so it's often portrayed as a defense of whites brits i'm. not so but this nigerian restaurant there is a quiet satisfaction of the prospects of the u.k. cutting its ties with europe i rage africa live. off a come british. for breakfast not because i've been to fin against the roof and whites will give was this leverage in time for treatment opportunity i walk. with arabic and religious and as it. arrives to leave the united kingdom after just a day when. when people come from europe to come to the country to visit it is just
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the beginning to. feel she took a full jealous about. this is zero. hello and welcome to this is our life i'm on team dennis coming up in the next sixty minutes handcuffed and shackled the main suspect in the new zealand shooting remain silent in court as he's charged with. new zealand is united in grief. and. offering sympathy support and reassurance easy.

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